If you are paying for a holiday or buying something for later delivery, you should always pay be debit card or credit card. If the company goes out of business before the product or service is delivered, the card provider will refund you. In Ireland, people have used this to get refunds in the following cases retailers going bust Airlines closing down e.g. Oasis Hong Kong holiday companies closing down (You should also be covered by the bonding scheme) gyms closing down - e.g. Total Fitness refunded unused portion of subscriptions What are the rules covering these refunds? I have checked with AIB Visa and with IPSO (The Irish Payment Services Organisation) and they are not written down anywhere. There are rules for the merchants but these aren't very useful. In the UK, Section 75 of the Consumer Credit Act makes the card provider jointly and severally liable for your purchase. There is no such provision in the Irish Consumer Credit Act. The refund is paid at the discretion of the credit card provider. The UK Cards Association has produced Credit Cards - Your rights - a consumer guide I haven't found anything similar in Ireland. These (unwritten) rules are similar for all credit and debit card providers It doesn't matter whether you use Visa card, Master Card or Amex. It doesn't matter if you use a Visa Credit Card or a Visa Debit Card The terms and conditions say very little Here are the terms and conditions from ptsb which seem to limit ptsb's liability AIB says even less My own Visa Debit card says a bit more (August 2013) The chargeback process is usually fairly efficient Most people have had positive experience of chargebacks. You usually have to put your request in writing which is fair enough. They may ask for evidence e.g. that the airline is gone into liquidation Don't be put off by what the customer service department tells you There have been cases where the card provider has told the caller that they had no right to a refund. If this happens, ask to speak to a supervisor. Example 1 Example 2 You can also go to the Financial Services Ombudsman, if they don't refund you. Clearly you have a right to have errors fixed If a retailer charges you twice, you don't need a set of rules to claim a refund. Fraud is a bit more complex If you have been careless and the fraudster uses your pin, then you may have difficulty getting a refund. In practice, the card providers are flexible and generous with their refunds, but obviously they have to protect against the card owner trying to defraud them. Disputed charges/Faulty products What if a car hire company charges you for damage to a car and you say it was not damaged? I assume that this is between you and the car hire company as you gave them authority to make such charges. What if you buy something and it is delivered but is not as described? The card company probably won't refund this as you need to sort it out with the retailer. In some cases, the card company will actually initiate the charge back and leave it up to the supplier to dispute the charge back.